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Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical processes, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and evolution.[1] Despite the complexity of the science, there are certain unifying concepts that consolidate it into a single, coherent field. Biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of heredity, and evolution as the engine that propels the creation and extinction of species. Living organisms are open systems that survive by transforming energy and decreasing their local entropy[2] to maintain a stable and vital condition defined as homeostasis.[3]

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Cell theory states that the cell is the fundamental unit of life, that all living things are composed of one or more cells.

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In multicellular organisms, every cell in the organism's body derives ultimately from a single cell in a fertilized egg.

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Human practice

In addition, the phenomenon of energy flow occurs in cells in processes that are part of the function known as metabolism.

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Finally, cells contain hereditary information (DNA), which is passed from cell to cell during cell division.

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